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Patients: Hurricane Preparedness
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Did you know....

People with disabilities are at higher risk for storm-related injury, death,1 and even property damage.2

Despite this, Americans with disabilities are LESS likely than others to be prepared for natural disasters.3


Be Prepared!


Who may have special needs before, after, and during a storm?

Patients with special needs with an impending storm

  • Mobility-impaired
  • Those that need help with activities of daily living
  • Those that are dependent on electricity for life or function
  • Cognitively-impaired
  • Mental health or neurobehavioral issues
  • Hearing and/or visually-impaired
  • Medication needs (especially those with withdrawal risk)
  • Need for ongoing medical care
  • Residence in a nursing home


The special needs of patients on dialysis
Get and wear a medical emblem. This has very important information about your medical condition and treatment and tells medical staff about your special needs. If you need help in getting one, ask your social worker.

National Kidney Foundation: A Guide for people with kidney disease

Emergency Meal Planning for Dialysis Patients

Download the National Kidney Foundation Planning Guide

DaVita Dialysis

Fresenius Dialysis

Ready Now! Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit for People with Disabilities from Oregon Health and Science University, available in English and Spanish here.

Emergency Evacuation Preparedness Taking Responsibility for Your Safety: A Guide for People with Disabilities and Other Activity Limitations, by June Isaacson Kailes, available here.

This booklet from the American Red Cross and FEMA provides good advice on the creation of a personal support network and building an emergency supply kit, among other topics. It is available free of charge here.

Additional helpful information can be found on the website here.

The Miami-Dade Hurricane Readiness Guide is full of valuable information for residents of the county.
Access it here.

Make sure any patients who are dependent on electronic devices for their health or function are registered with their local utilities company for priority service after a power outage. You may need to fill out a doctor’s certification as part of their application process.

Access FPL’s Medically Essential Service Application here:

It is also important to remind any individual who may need assistance evacuating or who may have special needs in a shelter environment to register in advance with their local emergency management program.

Every individual with a disability should establish an emergency evacuation plan prior to a disaster which takes into account their unique functional impairments and addresses transportation challenges.  Physicians should inquire as to the plans of their patients in the event they need to leave their homes or neighborhoods and ensure these plans are comprehensive and appropriate.  

Miami-Dade residents can learn more about and register for the Emergency and Evacuation Assistance Program here.

Patients with pets should also be encouraged to come up with evacuation plans for their furry friends.  Although service animals are accepted at American Red Cross shelters, pets are not accepted at most of their shelters.5 Lists of pet-friendly hurricane shelters can be found on the website of the American Kennel Club (

After Superstorm Sandy, some New York City residents were trapped in high-rise buildings for days after the power went out.6 When seeing patients who are unable to negotiate stairs who live or work in a building with stairs, encourage them to consider getting a stairway evacuation chair so they may safely get out in the event of a power failure.

Recommend travel wheelchairs for emergency use for ambulatory patients who walk at a slow pace or who may have difficulty navigating around debris or in other hazardous conditions. Review the importance of having a back-up manual wheelchair for those who are dependent on power chairs and scooters. 

It can be difficult to get medications following a major hurricane. It can be quite challenging to get to a pharmacy, with public transportation systems often shut down, gasoline shortages, curfews, and road hazards. Pharmacies may be unable to open and those that are open may have delayed deliveries resulting in medication shortages. When a medication is essential or if it is something someone can withdraw from, it is important to make it abundantly clear to patients and their families that they should not wait until their last pill(s) to pick up their next refill, especially during hurricane season. We should also stress the need to pack at least a three day supply of these medications in a “go bag”, which they can quickly grab in the event of an emergent need to evacuate. 

Reprinted with permission from:  “PMR Doctors Share How Patients with Disabilities Can Prepare for Hurricanes” by Lauren Shapiro and Myriam Lacerte, available here




1. Mace SE, Doyle CJ. Patients with Access and Functional Needs in a Disaster. Southern Medical Journal. 2017;110(8):509-515.

2. Willigen MV, Edwards T, Edwards B, Hessee S. Riding Out the Storm: Experiences of the Physically Disabled during Hurricanes Bonnie, Dennis, and Floyd. Natural Hazards Review. 2002; 3(3):98-106.

3. Smith DL, Notaro SJ. Personal emergency preparedness for people with disabilities from the 2006-2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Disability and Health Journal. 2009;2(2):86-94.

4. Al-Rosan TM, Rubenstein LM, Wallace RB.  Preparedness for natural disasters among older US adults: a nationwide survey.  Am J Public Health.  2014 Mar; 104(3): 506-11.

5. Pet Disaster Preparedness & Recovery. American Red Cross. Accessed September 13, 2018.

6. Santora M, Weiser B. Court Says New York Neglected Disabled in Emergencies. The New York Times. Published November 7, 2013. Accessed September 13, 2018.